-Ghost (official music video)
CHILDREN WHO DON'T EXIST LEGALLY
Can you imagine it? The concept of "children that should never exist" which may not be familiar to people in the developed world.
There are "children who have not been officially recognized as born" in multiple countries and areas in the world. And many of them are becoming adults keeping that status.In short, their birth registration has not been submitted. And also that is to say that they have no nationality and are not subject to the protection of laws and policies they should receive.Currently, in the world (174 countries), 166 million children, one in four children under the age of five, are not registered for birth. Most are in Asia and Africa, with 87% of unregistered children living in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.About 3% in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, which has the lowest birth registration rate. Also, the Republic of Zambia and the Republic of Chad account for 11-12%.If you are in an environment where such a situation is not familiar to you, you may not be able to imagine the fear that you can't prove your identity. But what is more tragic is that the child and his family are unaware of the fact that being a "child who should never exist" is a major loss and subject to exploitation. We should let them notice the value of taking legal protection and service seriously.
Many of the reasons for not having a birth registration can be classified as follows.
"Lack of knowledge about how to register a child's birth"
"High application fee for birth registration or birth certificate, additional fee if registration is delayed"
"Distance to the nearest facility to register"
"Traditional practices in some communities (eg newborn mother should be indoors)"
This is due to a lack of information and knowledge, the financial status of households, infrastructure such as transportation networks, and traditional thinking by country or area. This is certainly a national problem and not a category held at home.
In September 2015, the United Nations Summit announced in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that “By 2030, all people should have a birth registration." By 2030, they are trying to create a world that gives legal status to all humans.
We are moving towards a future where it is possible to spread public IDs such as driver's licenses, passports, etc.Don't you think this goal is a fundamental "world problem" that leads to the ultimate "fairness"?Still, as we mentioned at the beginning, it is not easy to register 100millions of children immediately. This is because, to fundamentally eliminate the reason why birth registration is not done at all, it is indispensable to spread the development of the country or region itself, the satisfaction of infrastructure, and the distribution of knowledge and information to individual households, as mentioned above.
How should the world face this issue?If we were born in a different country, could we be an existing child? How few public and private services can be achieved without a legal ID? Having a family register, obtaining an ID card, participating in politics, and "being a natural person to be". How much will one's life break down and change radically when these realities are lost?We need to expand our imagination and make it our own thing. Praying may not be enough to realize the day when birth registration for all children around the world is commonplace.